Raymond E. Arvidson
Campus Box 1169
1 Brookings Dr
Saint Louis MO 63130-4899
Professor Arvidson directs the Earth and Planetary Remote Sensing Laboratory (EPRSL) on the second floor of the Earth & Planetary Sciences Building. The EPRSL is involved in many aspects of NASA's planetary exploration program, including developing science objectives and plans for missions, participating in mission operations and data analysis, and archiving and distributing data relevant to characterizing and understanding planetary surfaces and interiors. Laboratory personnel have been or are currently involved in NASA's Viking Lander, Mars Global Surveyor, Odyssey, Mars Exploration Rover (Spirit and Opportunity), Phoenix Mars Lander, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity Rover), and the European Space Agency's Mars Express Missions. Arvidson, staff, and students also participated in the Magellan Mission to Venus. Testing of prototype Mars rovers in Earth's deserts in collaboration with colleagues at the NASA/Caltech Jet Propulsion Laboratory has been another major focus over the past several years, along with close cooperation with scientists and engineers at the JHU/Applied Physics Laboratory on instrumentation and mission concepts for landing on Phobos and Deimos, the two moons of Mars.
The Laboratory is the location of NASA's Planetary Data System Geosciences Node. Laboratory personnel are responsible for creating and distributing science data archives from planetary missions, working closely with the missions to ensure that the archives are complete and well-documented.
Laboratory staff and graduate student research currently focuses primarily on analyses of spaceborne observations of Mars, particularly to understand how the planet has evolved and the extent to which it was habitable. The unraveling of geological processes and defining geochemical cycles of possible biological relevance form the core of the research. The work is supported by key field work in terrestrial analog sites and close cooperation with experts in other fields of research such Professor Jeffrey Catalano's work on aqueous geochemistry and Adjunct Professor Richard Morris' work on ferrous silicate and iron oxide spectroscopy.
Students are also actively involved in the Laboratory as a part of innovative undergraduate courses such as the Pathfinder Program in Environmental Sustainability, in which multidisciplinary approaches to environmental problems are stressed with hands-on experience.
Most Recent Publications
Arvidson, R. E., P. Belutta, F. Calef, A. A. Fraeman, J. Garvin, O. Gasnault, J. Grant, J. Grotzinger, V. Hamilton, M. Heverly, K. A. Iagnemma, J. Johnson, N. Lanza, S. Le Mouelic, N. Mangold, D. Ming, M. Mehta, R. V. Morris, H. Newsom, N. Renno, D. Rubin, J. Schieber, R. Sletten, A. R. Vasavada, J. Vizcaino, and R. C. Wiens, 2014, Terrain physical properties derived from orbital data and the first 360 sols of Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity Rover Observations in Gale Crater, J. Geophys. Res. - Planets, in review.
Arvidson, R. E., S. W. Squyres, J. F. Bell III, J. G. Catalono, B. C. Blark, L. S. Crumpler, P. A. de Souza Jr., A. G. FairÃ©n, W. H. Farrand, V. K. Fox, R. Gellert, A. Ghosh, M. P. Golombek, J. P. Grotzinger, E. A. Guinness, K. E. Herkenhoff, B. L. Jolliff, A. H. Knoll, R. Li, S. M. McLennan, D. W. Ming, D. W. Mittlefehldt, J. M. Moore, R. V. Morris, S. L. Murchie, T. J. Parker, G. Paulsen, J. W. Rice, S. W. Ruff, M. D. Smith, and M. J. Wolff, 2014, Ancient Aqueous Environments at Endeavour Crater, Mars, Science, 343, doi: 10.1126/science.1248097.
Farley, K. A., C. Malespin, P. Mahaffy, J. P. Grotzinger, P. M. Vasconcelos, R. E. Milliken, M. Malin, K. S. Edgett, A. A. Pavlov, J. A. Hurowitz, J. A. Granet, H. B. Miller, R. Arvidson, L. Beegle, F. Calef, P. G. Conrad, W. E. Dietrich, J. Eigenbrode, R. Gellert, S. Gupta, V. Hamilton, D. M. Hassler, K. W. Lewis, S. M. McLenna, D. Ming, R. Navarro-GonzÃ¡les, S. P. Schwenzer, A. Steele, E. M. Stolper, D. Y. Sumner, D. Vaniman, A. Vasavada, K. Williford, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, and the MSL Science Team, 2014, In situ radiometric and exposure age dating of the Martian surface, Science, 343, doi: 10.1126/science.1247166.
Grotzinger, J. P., D. Y. Sumner, L. C. Kah, K. Stack, S. Gupta, L. Edgar, R. Rubin, K. Lewis, J. Schieber, N. Mangold, R. Milliken, P. G. Conrad, D. DesMarais, J. Farmer, K. Siebach, F. Calef III, J. Hurowitz, S. M. McLennan, D. Ming, D. Vaniman, J. Crisp, A. Vasavada, K. S. Edgett, M. Malin, D. Blake, R. Gellert, P. Mahaffy, R. C. Wiens, S. Maurice, J. A. Grant, S. Wilson, R. C. Anderson, L. Beegle, R. Arvidson, B. Hallet, R. S. Sletten, M. Rice, J. Bell III, J. Griffes, B. Ehlmann, R. B. Anderson, T. F. Bristow, W. E. Dietrich, G. Dromart, J. Eigenbrode, A. Fraeman, C. Hardgrove, K. Herkenhoff, L. Jandura, G. Kocurek, S. Lee, L. A. Leshin, R. Leveille, D. Limonadi, J. Maki, S. McCloskey, M. Meyer, M. Minitti, H. Newsom, D. Oehler, A. Okon, M. Palucis, T. Parker, S Rowland, M. Schmidt, S. Squyres, A. Steele, E. Stolper, R. Summons, A. Treiman, R. Williams, A. Yingst, and the MSL Science Team, 2014, A habitable fluvio-lacustrine environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars, Science, 343, doi: 10.1126/science.1242777.
Hamilton, V. E., A. R. Vasavada, E. SebastiÃ¡n, M. de la Torre JuÃ¡rez, M. Ramos, C. Armiens, R. E. Arvidson, I. Carrasco, P. R. Christensen, M. A. De Pablo, W. Goetz, J. GÃ³mez-Elvira, M. T. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, F. J. MartÃn-Torres, J. MartÃnez-FrÃas, A. Molina, M. C. Palucis, S. C. R. Rafkin, M. I. Richardson, R. A. Yingst, and M.-P. Zorzano, 2014, Observations and preliminary science results from the first 100 sols of MSL REMS ground temperature sensor measurements at Gale Crater, J. Geophys. Res. - Planets, submitted.
Newsom, H. E., N. Mangold, A. M. Ollila, J. Williams, L. C. Kah, K. Edgett, P. King, J. Bridges, D. Vaniman, R. Wiens, N. Stein, and R. Arvidson, 2014, Gale crater and impact processes - observations during Curiosity's first 360 sols on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. - Planets, submitted.
Vasavada, R., A. Chen, F. J. Calef, J. A. Crisp, J. P. Grotzinger, and R. Arvidson, 2014, Overview of the Mars Science Laboratory mission: Earth to Bradbury Landing and Yellowknife Bay, J. Geophys. Res. - Planets, submitted.
Fraeman, A. A., R. E. Arvidson, J. G. Catalano, J. P. Grotzinger, R. V. Morris, S. L. Murchie, K. M. Stack, D. C. Humm, J. A. McGovern, F. P. Seelos, K. D. Seelos, and C. E. Viviano, 2013, A hematite-bearing layer in Gale Crater, Mars: Mapping and implications for past aqueous conditions, Geology, 41, pp. 1103-1106.
Fraeman, A., Murchie, S., Arvidson, R., Clark, R., Morris, R., Rivkin, A., Vilas, F. 2014, Spectral absorptions on Phobos and Deimos in the visible/near infrared wavelengths and their compositional constraints, Icarus, 229, 196-205, doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.11.021.
Zhou, F., R. E. Arvidson, K. Bennett, B. Trease, R. Lindemann, P. Bellutta, K. Iagnemma, and C. Senatore, 2013, Simulations of Mars rover traverses, Journal of Field Robotics, 31, pp. 141-160, doi: 10.1002/rob.21483.
Fraeman, A. A., R. E. Arvidson, S. L. Murchie, A. Rivkin, J.-P. Bibring, T. H. Choo, B. Gondet, D. Humm, R. O. Kuzmin, N. Manaud, and E. V. Zabalueva, 2012, “Analysis of disk-resolved OMEGA and CRISM spectral observations of Phobos and Deimos,” J. Geophys. Res., 117, E00J15, doi: 10.1029/2012JE004137.
Liu Y., R. E. Arvidson, M. J. Wolff, M. T. Mellon, J. G. Catalano, A. Wang, and J. L. Bishop, 2012, “Lambert albedo retrieval and analyses over Aram Chaos from OMEGA hyperspectral imaging data,” J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2012JE004056.
Murchie, S. L., N. L. Chabot, A. S. Rivkin, A. S. Yen, J. N. Maki, A. Trebi-Ollennu, R. E. Arvidson, A. Wang, R. Gellert, M. Daly, and C. L. Reed, 2012, “Merlin: Mars-Moon exploration, reconnaissance and landed investigation,” 63rd International Astronautical Congress, Naples, Italy, IAC-12, A3, 3A, 7, x13775.
Squyres S. W., R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell III, F. Calef III, B. C. Clark, B. A. Cohen, L. A. Crumpler, P. A. de Souza Jr., W. H. Farrand, R. Gellert, J. Grant, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Hurowitz, J. R. Johnson, B. L. Jolliff, A. H. Knoll, R. Li, S. M. McLennan, D. W. Ming, D. W. Mittlefehldt, T. J. Parker, G. Paulsen, M. S. Rice, S. W. Ruff, C. Schröder, A. S. Yen, and K. Zacny, 2012, “Ancient impact and aqueous processes at Endeavour Crater, Mars,” Science, 336, doi: 10.1126/science.1220476.
Arvidson, R. E., J. W. Ashley, J. F. Bell III, M. Chojnacki, J. Cohen, T. E. Economou, W. H. Farrand, R. Fergason, I. Fleischer, P. Geissler, R. Gellert, M. P. Golombek, J. P. Grotzinger, E. A. Guinness, R. M. Haberle, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Herman, K. D. Iagnemma, B. L. Jolliff, J. R. Johnson, G. Klingelhöfer, A. H. Knoll, A. T. Knudson, R. Li, S. M. McLennan, D. W. Mittlefehldt, R. V. Morris, T. J. Parker, M. S. Rice, C. Schröder, L. A. Soderblom, S.W. Squyres, R. J. Sullivan, M. J. Wolff, 2011, “Opportunity Mars Rover Mission: Overview and selected result from Purgatory Ripple to traverses to Endeavour Crater,” J. Geophys. Res., 116, E00F15, doi: 2010JE003746.
Mehta, M., N. O. Renno, J. Marshall, M. R. Grover, A. Sengupta, N. A. Rusche, J. F. Kok, R. E. Arvidson, W. J. Markiewicz, M. T. Lemmon and P. H. Smith, 2011, “Explosive erosion during the Phoenix landing exposes subsurface water on Mars,” Icarus, 211, 1, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.10.003.
Ruff, S. W., J. D. Farmer, W. M. Calvin, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. R. Johnson, R. V. Morris, M. S. Rice, R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell III, P. R. Christensen, and S. W. Squyres, 2011, “Characteristics, distribution, origin, and significance of opaline silica observed by the Spirit rover in Gusev crater, Mars,” J. Geophys. Res., 116, E00F23, doi:10.1029/2010JE003767.
Trease, B., R. E. Arvidson, R. Lindemann, K. Bennett, F. Zhou, K. Iagnemma, C. Senatore, and L. Van Dyke, 2011, “Dynamic modeling and soil mechanics for path planning of Mars Exploration Rovers,” Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference.
Adams, E., S. Murchie, D. Eng, N. Chabot, Y. Guo, R. Arvidson, A. Trebi-Ollennu, F. Seelos, 2010, “Mission concept for Robotic Exploration of Deimos,” 61st International Astronautical Congress, Prague, CZ., IAC-10-A3.5.6.
Arvidson, R. E., J. F. Bell III, P. Bellutta, N. A. Cabrol, J. G. Catalano, J. Cohen, L. S. Crumpler, D. J. Des Marais, T. A. Estlin, W. H. Farrand, R. Gellert, J. A. Grant, R. N. Greenberger, E. A. Guinness, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Herman, K. D. Iagnemma, J. R. Johnson, G. Klingelhöfer, R. Li, K. A. Lichtenberg, S. A. Maxwell, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, M. S. Rice, S. W. Ruff, A. Shaw, K. L. Siebach, P. A. de Souza, A.W. Stroupe, S. W. Squyres, R. J. Sullivan, K. P. Talley, J. A. Townsend, A. Wang, J. R. Wright, A. S. Yen, 2010, “Spirit Mars Rover Mission: Overview and selected results from the northern Home Plate Winter Haven to the side of Scamander crater,” J. Geophys. Res., 115, E00F03, doi:10.1029/2010JE003633.
Cull, S., R. E. Arvidson, J. G. Catalano, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, M. T. Mellon, and M. Lemmon, 2010, “Concentrated perchlorate at the Mars Phoenix landing site: Evidence for thin film liquid water on Mars,” Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L22203, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045269.
Lichtenberg, K. A., R. E. Arvidson, R.V. Morris, S. L. Murchie, J. L. Bishop, D. Fernandez-Remolar, T. D. Glotch, E. Noe Dobrea, J. F. Mustard, J. Andrews-Hanna, and L. H. Roach, 2010, “Stratigraphy of hydrated sulfates in the sedimentary deposits of Aram Chaos, Mars,” J. Geophys. Res., 115, E00D17, doi: 10.1029/2009JE003353.
Morris, R. V., S. W. Ruff, R. Gellert, D. W. Ming, R. E. Arvidson, B. C. Clark, D. C. Golden, K. Siebach, G. Klingelhöfer, C. Schröder, I. Fleischer, A. S. Yen, S. W. Squyres, 2010, “Identification of carbonate-rich outcrops on Mars by the Spirit Rover,” Science, 329, doi: 10.1126/science.1189667.
The Pathfinder Program in Environmental Sustainability; Remote Sensing, Planetary Terramechanics